Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog Breed Info

The Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog, also known as mini Bernese, is a smaller size variation of the beloved Bernese Mountain Dog breed. Its adorable appearance and affectionate temperament make it a perfect furry friend if you’re seeking a smaller, more manageable companion.

In this article, we explain everything you need to know about Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs. Read on!

What is a Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog?

A Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog is a smaller version of the majestic Bernese Mountain Dog breed. Although they share the same charming appearance and friendly temperament as the larger versions, mini Bernese mountain dogs are bred to have a smaller size, making them a more adaptable choice for owners of any experience level. These dogs retain many of the endearing qualities of their larger counterparts.

What does a Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog Look Like?

At first glance, a Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog looks like a smaller miniature version of the Bernese Mountain Dog. They have a thick double coat, which is a hallmark of the breed, making them great companions for colder climates.miniature bernese mountain dog

The coat comes in a variety of colors, including black, rust, and white, with distinct markings. Despite their smaller size, mini Bernese dogs still possess the majestic look of their larger relatives, with a well-proportioned build and a gentle expression.


The Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog originated from breeding smaller Bernese Mountain Dogs with breeds such as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. These breeding programs aimed to create a smaller, more manageable breed while maintaining the Bernese look and temperament. By combining the traits of the Bernese Mountain Dog with those of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, breeders successfully produced the lovable Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog we know today.

How Big Do Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs Get?

Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs, as their name suggests, are smaller in size compared to standard Bernese Mountain Dogs. A grown Mini Bernese Mountain Dog usually weighs between 25 to 50 pounds (11 to 23 kg) and stands around 16 to 19 inches (41 to 48 cm) tall at the shoulder.

Common Health Issues

Common health issues faced by Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs, like many large breeds, are prone to hip dysplasia, a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly. This can lead to arthritis and lameness.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: Another orthopedic issue, elbow dysplasia involves abnormal development of the elbow joint and can lead to lameness and arthritis.
  • Gastric Torsion (Bloat): This is a life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself. It’s more common in deep-chested breeds like Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs.
  • Cancer: Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs have a higher predisposition to certain cancers, including histiocytic sarcoma. This risk may also be present in dogs derived from breeding practices focused on achieving a smaller size.
  • Heart Issues: Some Bernese Mountain Dogs may experience heart-related problems, including mitral valve disease.
  • Eyelid Issues: Entropion, a condition where the eyelids roll inward, can occur in some individuals.
  • Hereditary Cataracts: Bernese Mountain Dogs may be prone to hereditary cataracts, leading to visual impairment.

How Long Do Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs Live?

On average, the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog has a lifespan of around 7 to 10 years. Various factors, including genetics, health, and care, can influence the lifespan of a mini Bernese dog. Responsible breeding practices, regular veterinarian check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, and a loving home environment are all factors that contribute to a longer and healthier life for your mini Bernese dog. Many reputable breeders offer a year-long health guarantee, ensuring a positive experience for new owners.


One of the most appealing aspects of the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog is its temperament. These dogs are known for their affectionate, gentle, and friendly nature, making them a perfect fit for any family. Mini Bernese dogs are highly adaptable and intelligent, which contributes to their ease of training and ability to get along well with children, other pets, and owners of any experience level.

Their loving and carefree nature brings joy and love to any home, creating a harmonious and positive environment. You should note that harsh tones or training methods should be avoided, as these dogs respond best to positive reinforcement and gentle guidance.

Care and Grooming

Proper grooming and care practices are essential for the well-being of your Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog. If you’re planning to buy or adopt this dog, here are common care and grooming practices you should be ready to undertake:

  • Brushing: Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs have a thick, double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles. Brush at least 2-3 times a week and more frequently during shedding seasons.
  • Bathing: You should bath your Mini Bernese typically every 2 to 3 months or when the dog gets dirty. Overbathing can strip the coat of natural oils, so be mindful of your dog’s specific needs.
  • Shedding: Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs shed, especially during seasonal changes. Regular brushing helps manage loose hair. A de-shedding tool can be useful.
  • Nail Trimming: Trim your dog’s nails regularly, typically every 2 to 4 weeks. Long nails can be uncomfortable and may affect the dog’s gait.
  • Ear Cleaning: Check and clean the ears regularly, especially if your Mini Bernese Mountain Dog has drop or semi-drop ears, which can be prone to wax buildup and infections.
  • Dental Care: Brush your dog’s teeth regularly to maintain good oral health. Dental chews and toys can also help.
  • ¬†Exercise: Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs are an active breed. They require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.
  • Training: Start training early to establish good behavior. Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs are intelligent and responsive to positive reinforcement training methods.
  • Socialization: Socialize your Mini Bernese Mountain Dog from a young age with various people, environments, and situations. This helps prevent behavioral issues.
  • Health Check-ups: You should schedule regular veterinary check-ups to monitor overall health, vaccinations, and preventive care.
  • Nutrition: Don’t forget to provide a balanced and nutritious diet suitable for your dog’s age and activity level. Contact your veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations.miniature bernese mountain dogs

Is the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog a Good Family Dog?

Yes, the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog is a wonderful choice for a family dog. Their affectionate and adaptable nature makes them fit seamlessly into a family setting. They are known for their compatibility with children, other pets, and owners of any experience level.

Whether you have a large household or live in a smaller home or apartment, mini Bernese dogs are adaptable and can thrive in various living situations. Their affectionate temperament and gentle disposition make them a perfect fit for first-time dog owners and families of any size.

How Much Do Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog Puppies Cost?

The pricing of Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog puppies can vary based on factors such as the breeder, location, and lineage of the dogs. It is important to find a reputable breeder who focuses on breeding healthy mini Bernese puppies. Due to their smaller size and the careful breeding practices required, mini Bernese puppies may be priced higher than standard Bernese puppies.

The average cost of Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog puppies could range from $800 to $3,500 or more, depending on the factors mentioned above.


In conclusion, the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog, a cross between a Bernese Mountain Dog and a smaller breed such as a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, is a beloved companion known for its mellow, confident, and sweet-natured temperament.

This smaller version of the classic Bernese Mountain Dog is well-suited for various living environments, including apartments, due to its adaptability and moderate activity level. With its tri-color coat, loyalty, and intelligence, the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog makes an excellent family pet and a great choice for owners seeking a smaller dog with a distinctive Bernese look.

READ ALSO: What is a Red Cavapoo?


What is the Origin of the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog?

The Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog is a mix between a Bernese Mountain Dog and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, resulting in a tri-colored dog with a rich history.

What is the Size and Temperament of the Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog?

The Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog typically stands between 16-19 inches tall and is friendly, affectionate, and adaptable, making it a perfect dog for families and individuals.

Are Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs Good for Apartment Living?

Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs have a good adaptability rate, making them suitable for various living environments, including apartments. Their moderate activity level and versatile temperament allow them to thrive in different settings.

What is the Average Lifespan of a Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog?

Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs generally live for 7 to 10 years on average, providing years of companionship and joy for their owners.

Do Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs Shed?

The Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog is known to shed, although it is generally less than the standard Bernese Mountain Dog. Regular brushing is necessary to manage their shedding, as they have a double coat.

What are the Common Health Concerns for Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs?

Like most dog breeds, Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to various health problems, including elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, and eye problems such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy.